Bamboo has a high tensile strength
Some studies have found that bamboo has a higher tensile strength than steel because its fibers run axially (along the length of the pole)8, making it a carbon smart alternative to steel rebar9 or steel structural members.
Bamboo is elastic
Bamboo is similar to wood in that its tissue structure provides its strength. However, bamboo fibers are several times longer than wood fibers and almost all bamboo fibers run the length of the culm, allowing it to bend without deforming or breaking in situations such as earthquakes or in extreme wind. Because of this, when manufactured correctly, engineered bamboo structural components, such as bamboo nail laminated timber systems, are suitable for use in earthquake prone regions as a carbon smart alternative to concrete and steel10.
Bamboo is fast-growing
Bamboo is one of the fastest growing plants in the world – three times faster than most other tree species and produces 20 times more fiber than trees. Moso, a ‘timber’ bamboo species, can grow two feet per day, reaching heights up to 80 feet in just two months11. Due to this, crop rotation cycles can shorten and more product can be harvested sustainably with no re-planting necessary.
Bamboo is fire resistant
Due to its naturally high percentage of silica content, and insect treatment with boric acid (often used as a fire retardant), bamboo poles can resist fire and temperatures up to 400 degrees Celsius8, making it slightly more fire resistant. Engineered bamboo products are typically laminated with a resin making it very fire-resistant as well.